Op-ed: In Defunding The Police, We Cannot Forget Black Womxn
Despite Driving Social Movements, Black Womxn Are Forgotten By Policy Makers
June 22, 2020
Source: AJ Korkidakis / Ricochet Media.
#BlackLivesMatter was started in 2013 by three Black womxn: Alicia Garza, Patrisse Khan-Cullors and Opal Tometi. The Black Lives Matter Toronto chapter was also led by Black womxn, so too are many other movements worldwide. Black womxn are the blueprint. They are creators and organizers, they influence culture, develop theories and launch movements. Yet, when it comes to policy-making, legislative change and law reform, Black womxn’s lives are seldom considered or prioritized and are often forgotten. This is misogynoir. This is policy violence.
On June 5, former MP Celina Caesar-Chavannes tweeted: “It seems like the hashtag Black Lives Matter has been used by just about everybody [...] Before there was that handle, there was some powerful Black women who were standing up and calling out injustices [...] and they were dismissed. Often by those same influential people who are taking a knee today.” Across Canada, we have witnessed elected officials take a knee while nickel and dime-ing funding initiatives that support Black womxn specifically. Across Canada we have also seen organizations scramble to put out diversity statements (likely written by Black womxn) without proper acknowledgement or compensation. We have heard of Town Halls being put on by organizations about “anti-Black racism” in which Black womxn are being made to share and relive their traumatic experiences, despite fear of losing their job or facing other disciplinary actions for speaking their truth.
The reality is that Black womxn continue to (and have always) put their lives on the line for change. They are working front-line jobs, sustaining their communities, and leading movements while also being policed via criminalizing legislation and criminalized by well-funded institutions that terrorize them on a daily basis.
On May 30, Gisselle Rodriguez and other Black womxn from #NotAnotherBlackLife led a Toronto rally and march for Regis Korchinski-Paquet, whose mother claims Toronto police are responsible for her daughter’s death. Thousands of people showed up for Regis, Black womxn, and Black lives. Our hope as Black womxn, is that this movement goes beyond this moment. That allies do not show up for us only when we are hashtags and for photo ops, but when we are alive too. Our hope is that those responding today, like elected officials who have taken a knee, organizations that put out statements, organized town halls, and hired Black consultants to do Equity, Diversity and Inclusion training, and others, continue to do so past this pandemic and past next week.
The word “defund” has been getting a lot of global attention as of late, specifically in the context of defunding the police. According to Merriam-Webster, searches for “defund” are up 4300 per cent. Defunding the police literally means removing funds from the police. With respect to how to approach it, Broadbent Institute has pulled together a number of resources, most of which illustrating that money spent on police is better spent on services that meet community needs.
In New York City, Mayor Bill de Blasio has responded to the call to defund the police by announcing new policing reforms which includes shifting funding from the NYPD to Youth and Social Services. In Minnesota, the Minneapolis City Council members have announced their intent to disband the Minneapolis Police Department and invest in community-led public safety. We must thank protestors and organizers for this. Most importantly, we must thank the Black womxn who are often starting these conversations, leading the charge and leading change.
City councillors across Canada must take calls to defund the police seriously. Notwithstanding countless reports, community consultations and lives lost, our tax dollars continue to fund policing, a practice that disproportionately targets and kills Black womxn and disproportionately takes Black and Indigenous lives. When money is defunded from the police and invested in Black womxn, you are supporting their Black communities. When alternatives to policing are supported and put into practice, you’re not only listening to Black womxn, you are valuing Black lives.
Black Lives Matter Toronto is calling for a 50 per cent reduction to the Toronto police budget, but the most being considered by some Toronto city councillors is 10 per cent, which would go towards social services. This is not enough. Mayor John Tory says he won’t support what he calls “arbitrary” cuts to the police budget regardless of reports proving that Black people are more likely to be injured and killed by Toronto police.
In the Toronto Action Plan to Confront Anti-Black Racism, Mayor John Tory stated, “Eradicating anti-Black racism – although difficult – must be our goal in Toronto, because it stands as an obstacle to building a truly fair and just city.” Tory also acknowledged the importance of recognizing the impact that anti-Black racism has on mental health. In his Black Mental Health Day Proclamation he stated “The City of Toronto is at the forefront of efforts to eliminate anti-Black racism and all forms of discrimination.” Yet, keeping 90% of the police budget in policing dismisses the evidence of countless reports and deputations that Black folx have participated in. It ignores the decade-long calls by Black womxn on the front-lines to give them more than crumbs from a hefty $1.22 billion police budget.
When imagining what allocating money to services that directly support Black womxn would look like, Yusra Khogali - a Toronto based community organizer, educator and artist - says that Black liberation movements that are pushing for changes in our communities and in our society are a “pattern repeating itself.” To change this, she notes that we must recognize that there is misogynoir in organizing and that Black womxn experience the brunt of violence. The unfortunate result of this is that Black womxn end up being spoken for, their demands get “white washed, liberalized and made palatable,” and then money often gets funneled into “perfect victim” organizations. To interrupt the way in which power impacts Black womxn then, is to ensure that Black womxn at the margins are being centered and included. Khogali explains that who gets funding should not be chosen by people who have political interests, as to do so actually inflicts more harm on Black womxn. Instead, grassroots folx must be at the negotiating stage to ensure that resources are funneled to them.
There are so many Black womxn and queer led organizations doing incredible work that actually support Black womxn in very meaningful ways - organizations that do not perpetuate and replicate systems of harm, oppression and misogynoir. Black Women in Motion, The Most Nurtured, and Hill Studio, to name a few.
This call to action is nothing new. It has been said time and time again by Black womxn in Toronto including the Black Women’s Collective. The African American Policy Forum has mapped #SayHerName, revealing a sad reality of police violence inflicted on Black womxn. Here in Canada, Robyn Maynard has also revealed a long legacy of “egregious violence” against Black womxn in Canada. We must say their names and ensure that no more Black womxn’s lives are lost at the hands of police. Defunding is just one step toward true liberation. In the words of J Mase III, “there is no Black liberation without Black women & Femmes.”
Samantha Peters graduated from the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law with specializations in public law and dispute resolution & professionalism. She most often engages in work at the intersection of law, education and policy ranging from law reform to legal education to legislative research.
Danait Mehreteab is an Equity Educator with a background in Health and Peace Studies from McMaster University and International Development from Humber College. She has an extensive background working with youth and is passionate about mental health and wellness.
The opinions in this piece are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Canadian Anti-Hate Network.
Almost One Third Of Chinese Canadians Report Being Physically Attacked During COVID-19
The Angus Reid survey is a rare - and welcome - example of directly asking people whether they have suffered a hate incident.
By Steven Zhou
June 22, 2020
Racially motivated attack on a 92-year-old Asian man with dementia. March 13, 2020. Source: Vancouver Police Department.
A new report suggests that almost 30% of Chinese Canadians have been physically attacked since the COVID-19 crisis began.
The Angus Reid Institute and the University of Alberta surveyed over 500 people of Chinese descent in Canada and found that 8% of them have faced “frequent” physical attacks. Another 21% responded that they’ve faced “infrequent” physical abuse from strangers since the start of the pandemic.
“Yes, the data is indicating that 29% of those surveyed have experienced at least some kind of physical altercation during the COVID-19 crisis,” said Dr. Kimberly Knowles, a Professor of Psychology at the University of Alberta who worked on the report, titled “Blame, bullying and disrespect: Chinese Canadians reveal their experiences with racism during COVID-19.”
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As part of the survey, those surveyed were asked whether they have personally been “physically attacked by strangers” during COVID-19. Respondents were asked to pick from a scale of one to six; one being “not at all/never” and six being “always” experiencing such attacks. 8% picked four, five, or six. 21% picked two or three.
“The findings don’t come as a surprise to us at all,” said Amy Go, President of Chinese Canadian National Council for Social Justice. “We already know from one of our own surveys that up to 14% of Canadians think Chinese people for sure have COVID-19 or that they probably have it. That’s the attitude already, so why are we surprised?”
Go’s organization launched an online form specifically for Chinese and other East Asian peoples to report any physical, verbal, and/or online abuse related to COVID-19. Since February, they’ve received over 300 reports.
The study also notes that, “Half (50%) report being called names or insulted as a direct result of the COVID-19 outbreak, and a plurality (43%) further say they’ve been threatened or intimidated.”
Moreover, the survey also shows that, “three-in-ten (30%) report being frequently exposed to racist graffiti or messaging on social media since the pandemic began, while just as many (29%) say they have frequently been made to feel as though they posed a threat to the health and safety of others.”
The overall findings describe much higher frequencies of either verbal or physical anti-Chinese attacks than the data released by local police departments would suggest. This is consistent with research that police-reported hate crime numbers massively under-report the true rate of hate incidents in Canada.
The Vancouver Police Department, for instance, disclosed last month that they’re investigating 29 incidents of anti-Asian hate in B.C. since March, up from just four for the same period last year. Total hate crimes being looked at by the VPD are also up from 53 in 2019 to 77 this year. The rise is still significant, but not nearly as significant as the findings of the Angus Reid survey, which paints a much more alarming picture.
Furthermore, the police numbers seem pedantic considering just how much hate is being spewed online. Moonshot, a UK-based tech company that monitors online extremism, noted in a recent report that online searches from January to April for violent right-wing extremist content went up significantly across six Canadian cities since their respective COVID-19 lockdowns began.
According to Moonshot, “average weekly searches for violent far-right radio and podcasts increased by 330%, and 324% for video games” for these six major cities, which include Vancouver and Toronto.
“We’ve been asking the government again and again to at least officially recognize that there’s systemic, targeted anti-Asian racism in Canada,” Go said. “This needs to be incorporated into the national anti-racism strategy. It should also make Chinese people more empathetic to the anti-Black and anti-Indigenous racism that has gone on in Canada for hundreds of years.”
Statistics Canada: Canadians Say Hate Incidents Increased Because COVID-19
One in three Chinese and 18 per cent of "visible minorities" feel there has been an increase in hate incidents
June 10, 2020
Canadian Anti-Hate Network
On June 9th Statistics Canada released the results of a survey on Canadians’ perceptions of personal safety since COVID-19. Unsurprisingly, it suggests that COVID-19 has contributed to a perceived increase in hate incidents.
Hate groups have primary targets and targets of the day. The anti-Muslim movement will always return to targeting Muslims. The neo-Nazis will always attribute blame to Jews. However, if the news of the day is an issue like the police murder of George Floyd, we’ll see their focus shift to anti-Black racism. If the news of the day is COVID-19, we’ll see their focus shift to anti-Asian racism.
During social distancing, fewer people are interacting on the street, in stores, and on public transit. Therefore, we would expect to see in-person hate incidents decrease sharply if COVID-19 and the racist rhetoric surrounding it wasn’t contributing towards hate incidents.
Unfortunately, we’re seeing an increase in police-reported hate crimes targeting Asian persons in Vancouver, and "visible minorities" continue to tell us there’s been an increase in hate incidents.
We believe there has been a COVID-19 effect.
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"Visible minority" respondents were more likely (18%) than persons not of a "visible minority" (6%) to perceive an increase in hate incidents. Chinese (30%) and non-binary persons (22%) were the most likely to feel there has been an increase in hate incidents. Age was also a factor, with younger individuals more likely to respond that there has been an increase.
Also worth noting is that non-binary persons (31%), indigenous persons (26%), women (18%), and especially young women (32%), do not feel safe walking alone after dark in their own neighbourhoods.
While this report gives new and valuable indicators, it is a measure of perceptions and not hate incidents themselves. Police-reported data massively underreports hate incidents and lends an incorrect impression to many that hate crimes aren’t a serious issue in Canada.
We need to start measuring hate incidents accurately so we can have honest conversations about the state of hate in Canada and work those numbers down.
We have a simple solution.
Every year Statistics Canada does a General Social Survey. Every year we want them to ask about hate incidents, building on these basic questions:
- Have you been the victim of a hate incident in the past 12 months?
- Was it online or in-person?
- Was it direct (person to person) or indirect (graffiti or comments targeting your group)?
The government recently launched Statistics Canada's Centre for Gender, Diversity and Inclusion Statistics, and we are encouraging them to measure hate incidents under this framework.
How Canadian Hate Groups Are Reacting To George Floyd Protests
As in the United States, we need to be on the lookout for members of hate groups infiltrating the protests
June 2, 2020
Canadian Anti-Hate Network
May 31st rally against police violence in Vancouver, BC. Source: Suzie King / Ricochet Media.
Today marks a week of protests in the United States following the murder of George Floyd by Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin. Protests in solidarity have brought out tens of thousands of demonstrators in cities across Canada.
Stickers from the UK-based white-supremacist propaganda group Hundred Handers were put up near where Regis Korchinski-Paquet died. Her mother alleges Toronto police are responsible for her daughter’s death. Proud Boys posted photographs of the sticker campaign to their Telegram.
Neo-Nazi Tomas Liko watched the #JusticeForRegis demonstration in Toronto wearing his Skrewdriver shirt. Skrewdriver is one of the most infamous neo-Nazi bands, with lyrics like “if you see this n*****, kick him in the f****** head.” Its front-man founded Blood and Honour, a terrorist group. Liko was confronted and ran off.
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Canadian hate groups regularly attach themselves to the most heated issue of the day, whether that’s opposing Wet'suwet'en solidarity demonstrations and threatening to kill demonstrators, spreading COVID-19 conspiracy theories, or the Floyd protests.
We’re seeing conspiracy theories in groups like the Canadian Combat Coalition alleging that the murder was staged by crisis actors, that the protests aren’t organic and a result of hundreds of years of anti-Black racism, but rather directed by ‘globalist’ forces and Antifa, or that this is the left starting a race war.
“Stop this BLM bullshit the government is trying to create mass rioting so they can involve the military its all about CONTROL,” writes Jim Mannila on the Yellow Vests Canada page.
They are frustrated that their demonstrations never attract nearly as many people.
Some anti-government types within the hate groups are dismissing any racial factor to the murder, instead framing the the demonstrations as being generally against a corrupt police and a corrupt system and thereby appropriating the demonstrations as aligned with their anti-government values.
Many are praising Donald Trump for calling anti-fascists terrorists. “Can we have Trump as PM please?,” writes Greyson Wolfe on a Wexit (western seperatist) Facebook page.
Canadian Conservative Party leadership candidate Derek Sloan likewise promised to designate anti-fascists as terrorists.
Conspiracy vlogger Dan Dicks, formerly attached to the anti-lockdown demonstrations, tweeted that he would be “covering one of these antifa, I mean terrorist organizations rallies later today in Vancouver.” He later acts offended that he was unwelcome. He was surrounded, and asked to leave. Eventually he was escorted away by a police officer.
Donald Smith, a notorious Vancouver doxxer of anti-racists and anti-fascists, went to take photos of demonstrators.
The Proud Boys are celebrating a man in Brampton Ontario who was caught on video tearing down a Black Lives Matter sign and throwing it in the trash.
Faith Goldy, a self-proclaimed “propaganda arm” for the alt-right neo-Nazi movement, says George Floyd got what he deserved, as did Trayvon Martin and other Black people killed by police. Ultimately, however, she believes it’s all orchestrated: “Blacks on this chessboard are all pawns, being corralled by masters of strategy in government, media, and the Satanic orgs which seek to subvert and control our civilization - who, lets face it, aren’t Black.”
Calling The Police Doesn’t Solve Hate Crimes - It Puts Us In More Danger
Don’t be a bystander, but dialing 9-1-1 should definitely not be your first response
Op-Ed By Melayna Williams BA (Hons), J.D.
Special to the Canadian Anti-Hate Network
May 29, 2020
On May 14th, CBC published an article about bystander support and response to anti-Asian racist attacks during the pandemic. The backlash to their number one suggestion was so swift that they had to re-publish it, focusing on their error in the sentiment that people should call the police. In the original piece, the text read:
“1. Call the police. Wherever a racist attack takes place, you can help the victim by calling police. Often incidents occur on public transit, where people from all communities are drawn together.”
CBC’s choice to interview a constable from the Vancouver Transit Police amazes me knowing how punitive, punishing and racist fare inspectors have been to Black and racialized people in this country. That said, racist incidents on public transit are a well-documented problem across the country - especially now.
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The police murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis is only the most recent example of police disproportionately using excessive force and killing Black and racialized people – and it’s conceited for Canadians to think it’s not happening here in Canada. Just yesterday a mother says police shoved her daughter Regis Korchinski-Paquet off their balcony in Toronto and the SIU is investigating her death. In 2018, the Ontario Human Rights Commission found that Black people in Toronto are 20 times more likely to be shot and killed by police than white Torontonians.
The people who experience racism in Canada are in need and deserving of protection and should be the loudest voices on tackling racism- not the dissent to a tonedeaf CBC suggesting that we should just call the police. And despite people’s well intentioned view around this being a teachable moment where we are learning more about each other, the burden is not for racialized people to share their pain to respond to people determined to misunderstand and erase it.
While CBC’s retraction and correction is a victory, the arrogance required to tell Canadians what to do when they witness a racist incident without a critical race lens needs to be interrogated. I hope they understand that there are ethical standards they must meet if they expect to be trusted, especially among non-white Canadians. We are owed an accountability that is overdue and seems very uncomfortable, but is necessary.
The topic of what to do when we see a racist incident is an important one to discuss, but to propose we have things so under control when it comes to racism here that a definitive list can be generated speaks to the need to continue to push progressive agendas that are holistic, equity centred and community minded.
I am certain that if it wasn’t for the backlash, CBC would have let this remain on the internet. It’s a reflection of a holier than thou mindset that Canada is a less racist country than others that wipes out the perspectives of anyone living on the margins, and for the most part centres white, monied, and able- bodied Canadians. It’s an erasure of humanity to ignore lived experience while giving advice. The rhetoric in the article speaks to what voices our national media continues to elevate, often in contradiction to a financial bottom line (marginalized people will tune in more if there is respect) or the true opinions and experiences of most Canadians. Particularly CBC in Vancouver - to be on the west coast of this country and ignore the constant oppression, abuse, and activism around Indigenous issues of this very kind is inexcusable.
Anishinaabe comedian, podcaster, and writer Ryan McMahon tells me:
“There’s an idea that if Indigenous people are off the reserve we lack community. We don’t. Our well-being is provided for and by each other on reserve, in town and in the hearts of the city. When we need something we turn to our community, it is where we find safety and love. Telling an Indigenous person, or more specifically, telling an Indigenous woman or two spirit person to turn to the police for safety is about as unlikely a scenario as finding a pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. Neither exist.”
Having a working knowledge of the history of policing in North America, particularly how the system (like white supremacy) has violently taken so much from Black and other racialized communities- has always made me extremely weary of the police. A few years ago, my job was to facilitate workshops between police, community organization leaders, and youth. The initiative was one of many we have in the city meant to ease tensions between marginalized communities and the police, and push the exhausting agenda that police should be able to comfortably move through neighbourhoods they investigate. This was around the same time we were getting more information about carding, and we discovered police were using unjustified street-checks and their community relationships to build a database of anyone they want.
Before that job, I worked on a provincial government initiative focused on youth outreach, community empowerment, social exclusion and youth violence. The space and entitlement given for police lobbying was overbearing. It was not about if they were involved, it was how much and it was always too much. It struck me that the majority of youth and police mentorship programs had a lot of Black children attending, and I wondered why is it so important for Black youth to trust police? Just because they have to see them all the time? I could not wrap my head around this and it stayed with me.
Police oversight leadership seemed so devoted to protecting the sanctity of policing, which to me seemed so far from accountability. It was only when I attended my first SIU inquest as an outsider years later that I understood the breadth and depth of how uncaring and dangerous the whole system is for Black people. I realized how deeply vested the police system was in two things: their image and their connection to Black communities. It terrified me because I could not see this in good faith while Black and Indigenous peoples are “disproportionately affected by police violence relative to other ethnicities.”
It can be overwhelming to reckon with the true reality of racism in this country, but we have to tell the truth if the aim is to neutralize it. Lists of suggestions for bystander interventions during a hate incident are not always unhelpful, but a critical race toolbox includes an evolving knowledge of the power structures in society that is honest in examining the deep and undeniable inequities in this country.
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Melayna Williams is a legal-educated, anti-racism advocate, writer and podcaster. Her work is grounded in community mobilization, social justice, critical race theory and intersectional feminism. She has worked in human rights law, education law, alternative dispute resolution and sexual assault crisis response. She hosts Black Tea on Frequency Podcast Network and her work has appeared in Macleans, Lainey Gossip, Flare, Vice, Photo District News, NOW Magazine and West End Phoenix.
The opinions in this piece are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the Canadian Anti-Hate Network.
Canada’s Far-Right Licks Trump’s Boots
Canada's so-called patriot groups use Trump's language, harass his targets, and defend him when he tries to block lifesaving equipment from Canada during COVID-19.
April 6, 2020
When Trump calls COVID-19 the “Chinese virus” and claims that “shutting down the border” to China saved American lives, Canada’s far-right took notice. Now that’s what they’re calling it too, and it’s playing into their racist narratives that Chinese persons are dirty, dangerous, deserving to die, or collectively responsible for how China’s government handled the outbreak.
Members and supporters of Canada’s hate groups often echo xenophobic rhetoric from the United States, and especially from Trump. When Trump was dismissive of the pandemic, calling it a “Democrat hoax” that conspiracy was quickly spread by the far-right in Canada. They continued to downplay the significance of the pandemic until the reports from Italy made many of them concede that COVID-19 was no hoax. They repeat everything Trump says, including promoting unproven medical treatments. And pushing the racist trope of the diseased immigrant, far-right Canadians have demanded that we close our borders to certain non-white immigrants permanently.
Trump’s name has also been invoked by Canadian QAnon conspiracists who believe that COVID-19 is a ruse to cover for the arrest of a cabal of Satanic pedophiles which they believe includes Justin Trudeau, George Soros, and Tom Hanks, among others.
The far-right in Canada blame the crisis in Canada on either a UN-led conspiracy, or an inept Trudeau government that didn’t close the border to immigrants and refugees coming from “shithole countries” (another alleged Trump phrase used by the Canadian far-right for years now). That many of those who returned to Canada from overseas are in fact Canadians themselves is irrelevant to racists:
“News heading in Toronto Sun says to expect "Social Distancing" as VIRUS spreads. Hmmmmmmmmmm. Fatal results of multi-cult race-mixing ????? If it makes even those in our tough White Right camp nervous........imagine how our forever fence-sitting relatives feel.....perhaps messing their pants in absolute fear ? Too bad eh .”
At least one individual in Waterloo, Ontario has taken it upon themselves to put up flyers claiming that COVID-19 affects races differently and suggests that Canada would “be a safer place . . . if it had a lower concentration of Asian people.”
Criticisms of the actions of the Chinese government are fair game. But when blame, disgust, and retribution are attributed to individuals because they are Chinese (which is what happens when you label it the “Chinese virus”), it leads to people being hurt. Some members of far-right groups are bragging about harassing Chinese people. Other hate groups have used the crisis to attack the concept of immigration and multiculturalism in flyering campaigns found a number of Canadian cities including Edmonton and Port Credit, including ones that read “Open Borders Spread Disease," “Migrants Accepted, Now We’re Infected,
and “Nationalism Would Have Prevented This,” amongst others. Calgary police are investigating threats to a Chinese restaurant they believe at linked to COVID-19.
Is Trumps rhetoric to blame? Only partly.
For years the far-right in Canada have mimicked extremist groups from outside of the country as vehicles for home-grown racism. Anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim movements Pegida Canada and the Soldiers of Odin (as well as their subsequent splinter groups) are attempts to copy European groups. American-based militias such as the III%ers have found a fertile home in Canada among Islamophobes who invoke the same conspiracy theories as their American counterparts. European identitarians and American accelerationists have gained a significant foothold in the country; examples include ID Canada, the Base, and AWD. Even movements such as the French Yellow Vests have been co-opted by Canadian groups and bastardized into anti-immigrant and anti-refugee movements in Canada.
Canada’s far-right activity isn’t simply the result of Trump. The international influence of anti-Muslim figures and groups from Europe, a backlash against the 2015 Trudeau election, and anti-Muslim fearmongering domestically had already set the stage. The election of Trump invigorated them, Rebel Media and more mainstream fearmongering against anti-Islamophobia motion 103 gave them a cause, and they have been on the streets ever since.
The rise of far-right movements is an international phenomenon in which we are not only victims, but contributors. Unfortunately, Canada has been a key exporter of propaganda and influential figures in the far-right and alt-right neo-Nazi movements. For example: Gavin McInnes, Stefan Molyneux, Lauren Southern and Faith Goldy-Bazos are all Canadian; Richard Spencer launched his first alt-right website when he was living in Toronto; and Montreal-man Gabriel Sohier Chaput was one of the key administrators of the pro-terrorism Iron March forum that gave rise to a new wave of neo-Nazi terrorism through groups like AWD.
But Trump's influence on Canada in particular is difficult to miss. The so-called patriot groups worship Trump. For years they’ve been saying they hope the United States invade Canada to overthrow the government. Most recently, members of groups like Yellow Vests of Alberta are defending Trump for his attempts to block N95 masks – much needed medical equipment for front-line medical workers during COVID-19 – from reaching Canada.
“don’t blame him, hes taking care of his country first,we coulduse a leader like him”
“Wasn’t Trudeau the one who shut down the logging industry?? Maybe Trump is trying to wake up Canadians”
This is part of a series of articles and investigations into trends and new developments among Canada’s hate movements. We would like to thank an anonymous donor and the Urban Alliance on Race Relations for supporting this project.